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Relatables: The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnelle The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnelle (The Weddynge of Syr Gawen and Dame Ragnell) is a 15th-century English poem, one of several versions of the "loathly lady" story popular during the Middle Ages. An earlier version of the story appears as "The Wyte of Bayths Tale" ('The Wite of Bath's Tale") In Geottrey Chaucers The Canterbury Tales,and the later ballad "The Marriage of Sir Gawain" is essentially a retelling, though its relationship to the medieval poem is uncertain 21 The authors name is not known, but similarities to Le Morte a'Arthur have led to the suggestion that the poem may have been written by Sir Thomas Malory 1314 Plot summary [edit] The story begins when the mystical knight Sir Gromer Somer Joure challenges King Arthur to discover what women desire the most, or face dire consequences. This encounter takes place following the stalking of a deer by the king in Inglewood Forest, a setting that in other Middle English Arthurian poems such as The Awntyrs off Arthure and Sir Gawain and the Carle of Carlisle, is a haunted forest and a place where the Otherworld is near at hand I The king, on his own instructions, becomes separated from the rest of his hunting party, follows the deer, kills it and is then surprised by the arrival of an armed knight, Sir Gromer Somer Joure, whose lands, this knight claims, have been seized from him by Sir Gawain. King Arthur is alone and unarmed and Sir Gromer's arrival poses a real threat to him. ir Gromer tells the king that he must return in exactly one year's time, alone and dressed as he is now, and give him the answer to a question he will ask. If the king fails to give a satisfactory answer, Sir Gromer will cut off his head. The question is this: what is it that most desire Carlisle with his knights and it is not long before Sir Gawain pries from his uncle the reason for his sudden melancholy. King Arthur explains to his nephew what happened to him in the forest and Sir Gawain, optimistically upbeat, suggests that they King both ride aboutt After this, Chaucer's life is uncertain, but he seems to have traveled in France, Spain, and Flanders, possibly as a messenger and perhaps even going on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. Around 1366, Chaucer married Philippa (de) Roet. She was a lady-in-waiting to Edward IIl's queen, Philippa of Hainault, and a sister of Katherine Swynford, who later (ca. 1396) became the third wife of Chaucer's friend and patron, John of Gaunt. It's uncertain how many children Chaucer and Philippa had, but three or four are most commonly cited. His son, Thomas Chaucer, had an illustrious career, chief butler to four kings, envoy to France, and Speaker of the House of Commons. Thomas great-grandson (Geoffrey's great-great-grandson), John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln, was the heir to the throne designated by Richard IIl before he was deposed. Geoffrey's other children probably included Elizabeth Chaucy, a nun:[41(5] Agnes, an attendant at Henry IV's coronation, and another son, Lewis Chaucer collec ers to this tricky question. So they both do this, riding separately about the kingdom and writing down the answers they receive. When they return, they compare notes Sir Gawain is still willing give him the answer to this q to save him. Gawain selflessly consents in hopelessness of his task: the hopelessness of it all and decides to go once more into Inglewood Forest to look for inspiration. In the forest he encounters an ugly hag on a fine horse, a loathly lady who claims to know the king's problem and offers to ill save on one condition. That she is allowed to marry Sir Gawain. The king returns to Carlisle and reluctantly contronts Sir Gawain with this dilemma; for he is sure that his nephew will be willing to sacrifice himself in order Soon, King Arthur rides alone into the forest to fulfill his promise to Sir Gromer Somer Joure and quickly meets with Dame Ragnelle, who is, in fact, Sir Gromer's sister and who reminds King Arthur of the The kyng had rydden butt a while Lytelle more then the space of a myle, Or he mett Dame Ragnelle Ah, Sir Kyng! Ye arre nowe welcum here wott ye ryde to bere your answere: That wolle avaylle you no dele King Arthur tells her that Sir Gawain accepts her terms and she reveals to him that what women desire most is sovereyntΓ©, the ability to make their own decisions. With this answer King Arthur wins Gromer's challenge, and much to his despair, the wedding of Gawain and Ragnelle goes ahead as planned. Later, the new pair retire to the bedroom. After brief hesitation, Gawain assents to treat his new bride as has ever seen standing before him. She explains she had been under a spell to look like a hag until ad knight married her, now her looks will be restored half the day. She gives him the choice to have her beautiful at night, when they are together, or during the day, when they are with others. Instead, he gives her the sovereyntΓ© to make the choice herself. This a wer lifts the curse for good, and Ragnelle's beauty returns permanently The couple live happily, and the court is overjoyed when they hear Ragnelle's story. Ragne romance and whose arrival at King Arthur's court and subsequent adventures are relat Gingalain's mother is a fay who raises him ignorant of his father)!11] The poem c d if she were desirable, and go to bed with her as a dutiful husband is expected to do. When he looks up, he is astonished to see the most beautiful woman he for only five more years, after which Gawain mourns her for the rest of his life. According to the poem, Ragnelle bore Gawain his son Gingalain, who is the hero of his own sibly by Thomas Chestre, in the Middle English version of the story of The Fair Unknown, or Lybeaus Desconus10 (although in this and most other versions of the story, es with the poet's plea that God will help him get out of jail, leading P J C Field to suggest that the poem may have been written by Sir Thomas Malory 12] Sovereignty From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Sovereign redrects here. For other uses, see sovereign (dlsambiguation) Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity.(1 It is a basic principle underlying the dominant Westphalian model of state foundation.
Relatables: The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnelle
 The Wedding of Sir Gawain and Dame Ragnelle (The Weddynge of Syr Gawen and Dame Ragnell) is a 15th-century English poem, one of several versions of the "loathly lady" story popular during the Middle Ages. An earlier version of the story appears as "The
 Wyte of Bayths Tale" ('The Wite of Bath's Tale") In Geottrey Chaucers The Canterbury Tales,and the later ballad "The Marriage of Sir Gawain" is essentially a retelling, though its relationship to the medieval poem is uncertain 21 The authors name is not known, but
 similarities to Le Morte a'Arthur have led to the suggestion that the poem may have been written by Sir Thomas Malory 1314
 Plot summary [edit]
 The story begins when the mystical knight Sir Gromer Somer Joure challenges King Arthur to discover what women desire the most, or face dire consequences. This encounter takes place following the stalking of a deer by the king in Inglewood Forest, a setting that in
 other Middle English Arthurian poems such as The Awntyrs off Arthure and Sir Gawain and the Carle of Carlisle, is a haunted forest and a place where the Otherworld is near at hand I The king, on his own instructions, becomes separated from the rest of his hunting
 party, follows the deer, kills it and is then surprised by the arrival of an armed knight, Sir Gromer Somer Joure, whose lands, this knight claims, have been seized from him by Sir Gawain. King Arthur is alone and unarmed and Sir Gromer's arrival poses a real threat to him.
 ir Gromer tells the king that he must return in exactly one year's time, alone and dressed as he is now, and give him the answer to a question he will ask. If the king fails to give a satisfactory answer, Sir Gromer will cut off his head. The question is this: what is it that
 most desire
 Carlisle with his knights and it is not long before Sir Gawain pries from his uncle the reason for his sudden melancholy. King Arthur explains to his nephew what happened to him in the forest and Sir Gawain, optimistically upbeat, suggests that they
 King
 both ride aboutt
 After this, Chaucer's life is uncertain, but he seems to have traveled in France, Spain, and Flanders, possibly as a
 messenger and perhaps even going on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. Around 1366, Chaucer married
 Philippa (de) Roet. She was a lady-in-waiting to Edward IIl's queen, Philippa of Hainault, and a sister of Katherine
 Swynford, who later (ca. 1396) became the third wife of Chaucer's friend and patron, John of Gaunt. It's uncertain how
 many children Chaucer and Philippa had, but three or four are most commonly cited. His son, Thomas Chaucer, had
 an illustrious career, chief butler to four kings, envoy to France, and Speaker of the House of Commons. Thomas
 great-grandson (Geoffrey's great-great-grandson), John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln, was the heir to the throne
 designated by Richard IIl before he was deposed. Geoffrey's other children probably included Elizabeth Chaucy, a
 nun:[41(5] Agnes, an attendant at Henry IV's coronation, and another son, Lewis Chaucer
 collec
 ers to this tricky question. So they both do this, riding separately about the kingdom and writing down the answers they receive. When they return, they compare notes
 Sir Gawain is still willing
 give him the answer to this q
 to save him. Gawain selflessly consents in
 hopelessness of his task:
 the hopelessness of it all and decides to go once more into Inglewood Forest to look for inspiration. In the forest he encounters an ugly hag on a fine horse, a loathly lady who claims to know the king's problem and offers to
 ill save
 on one condition. That she is allowed to marry Sir Gawain. The king returns to Carlisle and reluctantly contronts Sir Gawain with this dilemma; for he is sure that his nephew will be willing to sacrifice himself in order
 Soon, King Arthur rides alone into the forest to fulfill his promise to Sir Gromer Somer Joure and quickly meets with Dame Ragnelle, who is, in fact, Sir Gromer's sister and who reminds King Arthur of the
 The kyng had rydden butt a while
 Lytelle more then the space of a myle,
 Or he mett Dame Ragnelle
 Ah, Sir Kyng! Ye arre nowe welcum here
 wott ye ryde to bere your answere:
 That wolle avaylle you no dele
 King Arthur tells her that Sir Gawain accepts her terms and she reveals to him that what women desire most is sovereyntΓ©, the ability to make their own decisions. With this answer King Arthur wins Gromer's challenge, and much to his despair, the wedding of Gawain and
 Ragnelle goes ahead as planned.
 Later, the new pair retire to the bedroom. After brief hesitation, Gawain assents to treat his new bride as
 has ever seen standing before him. She explains she had been under a spell to look like a hag until ad knight married her, now her looks will be restored half the day. She gives him the choice to have her beautiful at night, when they are together, or during the day,
 when they are with others. Instead, he gives her the sovereyntΓ© to make the choice herself. This a wer lifts the curse for good, and Ragnelle's beauty returns permanently
 The couple live happily, and the court is overjoyed when they hear Ragnelle's story. Ragne
 romance and whose arrival at King Arthur's court and subsequent adventures are relat
 Gingalain's mother is a fay who raises him ignorant of his father)!11] The poem c
 d if she were desirable, and go to bed with her as a dutiful husband is expected to do. When he looks up, he is astonished to see the most beautiful woman he
 for only five more years, after which Gawain mourns her for the rest of his life. According to the poem, Ragnelle bore Gawain his son Gingalain, who is the hero of his own
 sibly by Thomas Chestre, in the Middle English version of the story of The Fair Unknown, or Lybeaus Desconus10 (although in this and most other versions of the story,
 es with the poet's plea that God will help him get out of jail, leading P J C Field to suggest that the poem may have been written by Sir Thomas Malory 12]
 Sovereignty
 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 Sovereign redrects here. For other uses, see sovereign (dlsambiguation)
 Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies. In political theory, sovereignty is a substantive term designating supreme authority over some polity.(1 It is
 a basic principle underlying the dominant Westphalian model of state foundation.