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Facebook, Friends, and Hello: What to do if you are witnessing ISlamophobIC A bystander's guide to help the persor harassment n who's being targeted Engage conversation. Go to them, sit beside them and say hello. Try to appear calm, collected and welcoming IGNORE THE ATTACKER Pick a random subject and start discussing it. It can be anything: a movie you liked, the weather, saying you like something they wear and asking where they got it.. THE WEATHER LATELYIS S0 İGNO RED Hl HOW ARE YOU? MY SISTER TOLD ME ABOUT THIS MOVIE Keep building the safe space. Keep eye contact with them and don't acknowledge the attacker's presence : the absence of response from you two wil push them to leave the area shortly Continue the conversation until the attacker leaves & escort them to a safe place if necessary. Bring them to a neutral area where they can recollect themselves; respect their wishes if they tell you they're ok and just want to go 2 This guide was written & illustrated by Maeril | @itsmaeril Translated in English for The Middle Eastern Feminist cognitiveinequality: maeril: Hi everyone! This is an illustrated guide I made as part of my co-admining work at The Middle Eastern Feminist on Facebook! It will be published there shortly. The technique that is displayed here is a genuine one used in psychology - I forgot the name and couldn’t find it again so if you know about it, feel free to tell me!Some could say: “Yes but you can use that technique for instances of harassment other than Islamophobic attacks!”, and my reply is: Sure! Please do so, it also works for other “types” of harassment of a lone person in a public space!! However I’m focusing on protecting Muslims here, as they have been very specific targets lately, and as a French Middle Eastern woman, I wanted to try and do something to raise awareness on how to help when such things happen before our eyes - that way one cannot say they “didn’t know what to do”! I’d like to insist on two things: 1) Do not, in any way, interact with the attacker. You must absolutely ignore them and focus entirely on the person being attacked! 2) Please make sure to always respect the wishes of the person you’re helping: whether they want you to leave quickly afterwards, or not! If you’re in a hurry escort them to a place where someone else can take over - call one of their friends, or one of yours, of if they want to, the police. It all depends on how they feel! For my fellow French-speakers: I will translate it in French and post it on my page as soon as I can :)Please don’t hesitate to share this guide as it could push a lot of people to overcome bystander syndrome!!Lots of love and stay safe! PS: I you repost this cartoon of mine on twitter or instagram, please add me in the post so I can see it, with @itsmaeril :) An important reminder today, and every day.
Facebook, Friends, and Hello: What to do
 if you are witnessing ISlamophobIC
 A bystander's guide to help
 the persor
 harassment
 n who's being targeted
 Engage conversation.
 Go to them, sit beside them and say hello.
 Try to appear calm, collected and welcoming
 IGNORE THE ATTACKER
 Pick a random subject and
 start discussing it.
 It can be anything: a movie you liked,
 the weather, saying you like something
 they wear and asking where they got it..
 THE WEATHER
 LATELYIS S0
 İGNO
 RED
 Hl
 HOW ARE YOU?
 MY SISTER TOLD
 ME ABOUT THIS MOVIE
 Keep building the safe space.
 Keep eye contact with them and don't
 acknowledge the attacker's presence : the
 absence of response from you two wil
 push them to leave the area shortly
 Continue the conversation until the
 attacker leaves & escort them
 to a safe place if necessary.
 Bring them to a neutral area where they can
 recollect themselves; respect their wishes if
 they tell you they're ok and just want to go
 2
 This guide was written & illustrated by Maeril | @itsmaeril Translated in English for The Middle Eastern Feminist
cognitiveinequality:
maeril:
Hi everyone! This is an illustrated guide I made as part of my co-admining work at The Middle Eastern Feminist on Facebook! It will be published there shortly. The technique that is displayed here is a genuine one used in psychology - I forgot the name and couldn’t find it again so if you know about it, feel free to tell me!Some could say: “Yes but you can use that technique for instances of harassment other than Islamophobic attacks!”, and my reply is: Sure! Please do so, it also works for other “types” of harassment of a lone person in a public space!! However I’m focusing on protecting Muslims here, as they have been very specific targets lately, and as a French Middle Eastern woman, I wanted to try and do something to raise awareness on how to help when such things happen before our eyes - that way one cannot say they “didn’t know what to do”! I’d like to insist on two things: 1) Do not, in any way, interact with the attacker. You must absolutely ignore them and focus entirely on the person being attacked! 2) Please make sure to always respect the wishes of the person you’re helping: whether they want you to leave quickly afterwards, or not! If you’re in a hurry escort them to a place where someone else can take over - call one of their friends, or one of yours, of if they want to, the police. It all depends on how they feel! For my fellow French-speakers: I will translate it in French and post it on my page as soon as I can :)Please don’t hesitate to share this guide as it could push a lot of people to overcome bystander syndrome!!Lots of love and stay safe!
PS: I you repost this cartoon of mine on twitter or instagram, please add me in the post so I can see it, with @itsmaeril :) 


An important reminder today, and every day.

cognitiveinequality: maeril: Hi everyone! This is an illustrated guide I made as part of my co-admining work at The Middle Eastern Feminist ...

Facebook, Friends, and Hello: What to do if you are witnessing ISlamophobIC A bystander's guide to help the persor harassment n who's being targeted Engage conversation. Go to them, sit beside them and say hello. Try to appear calm, collected and welcoming IGNORE THE ATTACKER Pick a random subject and start discussing it. It can be anything: a movie you liked, the weather, saying you like something they wear and asking where they got it.. THE WEATHER LATELYIS S0 İGNO RED Hl HOW ARE YOU? MY SISTER TOLD ME ABOUT THIS MOVIE Keep building the safe space. Keep eye contact with them and don't acknowledge the attacker's presence : the absence of response from you two wil push them to leave the area shortly Continue the conversation until the attacker leaves & escort them to a safe place if necessary. Bring them to a neutral area where they can recollect themselves; respect their wishes if they tell you they're ok and just want to go 2 This guide was written & illustrated by Maeril | @itsmaeril Translated in English for The Middle Eastern Feminist cognitiveinequality: maeril: Hi everyone! This is an illustrated guide I made as part of my co-admining work at The Middle Eastern Feminist on Facebook! It will be published there shortly. The technique that is displayed here is a genuine one used in psychology - I forgot the name and couldn’t find it again so if you know about it, feel free to tell me!Some could say: “Yes but you can use that technique for instances of harassment other than Islamophobic attacks!”, and my reply is: Sure! Please do so, it also works for other “types” of harassment of a lone person in a public space!! However I’m focusing on protecting Muslims here, as they have been very specific targets lately, and as a French Middle Eastern woman, I wanted to try and do something to raise awareness on how to help when such things happen before our eyes - that way one cannot say they “didn’t know what to do”! I’d like to insist on two things: 1) Do not, in any way, interact with the attacker. You must absolutely ignore them and focus entirely on the person being attacked! 2) Please make sure to always respect the wishes of the person you’re helping: whether they want you to leave quickly afterwards, or not! If you’re in a hurry escort them to a place where someone else can take over - call one of their friends, or one of yours, of if they want to, the police. It all depends on how they feel! For my fellow French-speakers: I will translate it in French and post it on my page as soon as I can :)Please don’t hesitate to share this guide as it could push a lot of people to overcome bystander syndrome!!Lots of love and stay safe! PS: I you repost this cartoon of mine on twitter or instagram, please add me in the post so I can see it, with @itsmaeril :) An important reminder today, and every day.
Facebook, Friends, and Hello: What to do
 if you are witnessing ISlamophobIC
 A bystander's guide to help
 the persor
 harassment
 n who's being targeted
 Engage conversation.
 Go to them, sit beside them and say hello.
 Try to appear calm, collected and welcoming
 IGNORE THE ATTACKER
 Pick a random subject and
 start discussing it.
 It can be anything: a movie you liked,
 the weather, saying you like something
 they wear and asking where they got it..
 THE WEATHER
 LATELYIS S0
 İGNO
 RED
 Hl
 HOW ARE YOU?
 MY SISTER TOLD
 ME ABOUT THIS MOVIE
 Keep building the safe space.
 Keep eye contact with them and don't
 acknowledge the attacker's presence : the
 absence of response from you two wil
 push them to leave the area shortly
 Continue the conversation until the
 attacker leaves & escort them
 to a safe place if necessary.
 Bring them to a neutral area where they can
 recollect themselves; respect their wishes if
 they tell you they're ok and just want to go
 2
 This guide was written & illustrated by Maeril | @itsmaeril Translated in English for The Middle Eastern Feminist
cognitiveinequality:

maeril:
Hi everyone! This is an illustrated guide I made as part of my co-admining work at The Middle Eastern Feminist on Facebook! It will be published there shortly. The technique that is displayed here is a genuine one used in psychology - I forgot the name and couldn’t find it again so if you know about it, feel free to tell me!Some could say: “Yes but you can use that technique for instances of harassment other than Islamophobic attacks!”, and my reply is: Sure! Please do so, it also works for other “types” of harassment of a lone person in a public space!! However I’m focusing on protecting Muslims here, as they have been very specific targets lately, and as a French Middle Eastern woman, I wanted to try and do something to raise awareness on how to help when such things happen before our eyes - that way one cannot say they “didn’t know what to do”! I’d like to insist on two things: 1) Do not, in any way, interact with the attacker. You must absolutely ignore them and focus entirely on the person being attacked! 2) Please make sure to always respect the wishes of the person you’re helping: whether they want you to leave quickly afterwards, or not! If you’re in a hurry escort them to a place where someone else can take over - call one of their friends, or one of yours, of if they want to, the police. It all depends on how they feel! For my fellow French-speakers: I will translate it in French and post it on my page as soon as I can :)Please don’t hesitate to share this guide as it could push a lot of people to overcome bystander syndrome!!Lots of love and stay safe!
PS: I you repost this cartoon of mine on twitter or instagram, please add me in the post so I can see it, with @itsmaeril :) 


An important reminder today, and every day.

cognitiveinequality: maeril: Hi everyone! This is an illustrated guide I made as part of my co-admining work at The Middle Eastern Feminist...

Anaconda, Crying, and Friends: r/AskReddit u/wtdoido.8h Parents, what was the moment when you felt the most proud of your child? Discussion hahahahthunk ⑤画2 (③。4h Went in for a conference with the kindergarten teacher and after we covered the academic stuff, teacher said, "I have to tell you something." She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit next to him at his table. She has made the entire class adapt their recess games so that he can play. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like to be touched, so she figures out different rules for him so that he can play. She sticks up for him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I can never comment on another child but anyone can observe that he used to be in our classroom one hour a day and now he is here full time." [Teacher is CRYING at this point.] "If she does nothing else, ever, she has changed one Shit "You know she's the social leader." (oh, shit.) "You know she's the one all the kids want to be friends with. There is a boy in the class.... (oh shitshitshit, please don't tell me she's the mean girl. That kid is autistic....) "She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit next to him at his table. She has made the entire class adapt their recess games so that he carn lay. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like to be touched, so she figures out different rules for him so that he can play. She sticks up for him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I can never comment on another child but anyone can observe that he used to be in our classroom one hour a day and now he is here ful time." Teacher is CRYING at this point.1 "If she does nothing else, ever, she has changed one Note: I found out later that "if something bothers him" was a specific color that freaked him out She got all the kids to get rid of that color crayons, colored pencils, and got permission from the teacher to take down everything on the walls that had that color. Kids also completely stopped wearing that color shirt, because she made sure they understood that it hurt him Meltdowns dropped dramatically and they were able to mainstream him 100% Reply 613 positive-memes:The most wholesome /r/askreddit response I’ve ever read
Anaconda, Crying, and Friends: r/AskReddit
 u/wtdoido.8h
 Parents, what was the moment when
 you felt the most proud of your child?
 Discussion
 hahahahthunk ⑤画2 (③。4h
 Went in for a conference with the kindergarten
 teacher and after we covered the academic stuff,
 teacher said, "I have to tell you something."
 She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit
 next to him at his table. She has made the entire
 class adapt their recess games so that he can
 play. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like
 to be touched, so she figures out different rules
 for him so that he can play. She sticks up for
 him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it
 isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I
 can never comment on another child but anyone
 can observe that he used to be in our classroom
 one hour a day and now he is here full
 time." [Teacher is CRYING at this point.] "If she
 does nothing else, ever, she has changed one
 Shit
 "You know she's the social leader." (oh, shit.)
 "You know she's the one all the kids want to be
 friends with. There is a boy in the class.... (oh
 shitshitshit, please don't tell me she's the mean
 girl. That kid is autistic....)
 "She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit
 next to him at his table. She has made the entire
 class adapt their recess games so that he carn
 lay. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like
 to be touched, so she figures out different rules
 for him so that he can play. She sticks up for
 him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it
 isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I
 can never comment on another child but anyone
 can observe that he used to be in our classroom
 one hour a day and now he is here ful
 time." Teacher is CRYING at this point.1 "If she
 does nothing else, ever, she has changed one
 Note: I found out later that "if something bothers
 him" was a specific color that freaked him out
 She got all the kids to get rid of that color
 crayons, colored pencils, and got permission
 from the teacher to take down everything on the
 walls that had that color. Kids also completely
 stopped wearing that color shirt, because she
 made sure they understood that it hurt him
 Meltdowns dropped dramatically and they were
 able to mainstream him 100%
 Reply 613
positive-memes:The most wholesome /r/askreddit response I’ve ever read

positive-memes:The most wholesome /r/askreddit response I’ve ever read

Anaconda, Crying, and Friends: r/AskReddit u/wtdoido.8h Parents, what was the moment when you felt the most proud of your child? Discussion hahahahthunk ⑤画2 (③。4h Went in for a conference with the kindergarten teacher and after we covered the academic stuff, teacher said, "I have to tell you something." She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit next to him at his table. She has made the entire class adapt their recess games so that he can play. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like to be touched, so she figures out different rules for him so that he can play. She sticks up for him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I can never comment on another child but anyone can observe that he used to be in our classroom one hour a day and now he is here full time." [Teacher is CRYING at this point.] "If she does nothing else, ever, she has changed one Shit "You know she's the social leader." (oh, shit.) "You know she's the one all the kids want to be friends with. There is a boy in the class.... (oh shitshitshit, please don't tell me she's the mean girl. That kid is autistic....) "She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit next to him at his table. She has made the entire class adapt their recess games so that he carn lay. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like to be touched, so she figures out different rules for him so that he can play. She sticks up for him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I can never comment on another child but anyone can observe that he used to be in our classroom one hour a day and now he is here ful time." Teacher is CRYING at this point.1 "If she does nothing else, ever, she has changed one Note: I found out later that "if something bothers him" was a specific color that freaked him out She got all the kids to get rid of that color crayons, colored pencils, and got permission from the teacher to take down everything on the walls that had that color. Kids also completely stopped wearing that color shirt, because she made sure they understood that it hurt him Meltdowns dropped dramatically and they were able to mainstream him 100% Reply 613 positive-memes:The most wholesome /r/askreddit response I’ve ever read
Anaconda, Crying, and Friends: r/AskReddit
 u/wtdoido.8h
 Parents, what was the moment when
 you felt the most proud of your child?
 Discussion
 hahahahthunk ⑤画2 (③。4h
 Went in for a conference with the kindergarten
 teacher and after we covered the academic stuff,
 teacher said, "I have to tell you something."
 She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit
 next to him at his table. She has made the entire
 class adapt their recess games so that he can
 play. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like
 to be touched, so she figures out different rules
 for him so that he can play. She sticks up for
 him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it
 isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I
 can never comment on another child but anyone
 can observe that he used to be in our classroom
 one hour a day and now he is here full
 time." [Teacher is CRYING at this point.] "If she
 does nothing else, ever, she has changed one
 Shit
 "You know she's the social leader." (oh, shit.)
 "You know she's the one all the kids want to be
 friends with. There is a boy in the class.... (oh
 shitshitshit, please don't tell me she's the mean
 girl. That kid is autistic....)
 "She decided he needed a friend. She asked to sit
 next to him at his table. She has made the entire
 class adapt their recess games so that he carn
 lay. If a game involves touching, he doesn't like
 to be touched, so she figures out different rules
 for him so that he can play. She sticks up for
 him. If something bothers him, she makes sure it
 isn't an issue. The entire class follows her lead. I
 can never comment on another child but anyone
 can observe that he used to be in our classroom
 one hour a day and now he is here ful
 time." Teacher is CRYING at this point.1 "If she
 does nothing else, ever, she has changed one
 Note: I found out later that "if something bothers
 him" was a specific color that freaked him out
 She got all the kids to get rid of that color
 crayons, colored pencils, and got permission
 from the teacher to take down everything on the
 walls that had that color. Kids also completely
 stopped wearing that color shirt, because she
 made sure they understood that it hurt him
 Meltdowns dropped dramatically and they were
 able to mainstream him 100%
 Reply 613
positive-memes:The most wholesome /r/askreddit response I’ve ever read

positive-memes:The most wholesome /r/askreddit response I’ve ever read

Bodies , Children, and Climbing: Drowning in real life looks nothing like in the movies, and in fact many parents actually watch their children drown, having no idea that it's happening Ultrafacts.tumblr.com faikitty: mermaibee: ultrafacts: According to the CDC, in 10 percent of those drownings, the adult will actually watch the child do it, having no idea it is happening. Drowning does not look like drowning—Dr. Pia, in an article in the Coast Guard’s On Scene magazine, described the Instinctive Drowning Response like this: “Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. The respiratory system was designed for breathing. Speech is the secondary or overlaid function. Breathing must be fulfilled before speech occurs. Drowning people’s mouths alternately sink below and reappear above the surface of the water. The mouths of drowning people are not above the surface of the water long enough for them to exhale, inhale, and call out for help. When the drowning people’s mouths are above the surface, they exhale and inhale quickly as their mouths start to sink below the surface of the water. Drowning people cannot wave for help. Nature instinctively forces them to extend their arms laterally and press down on the water’s surface. Pressing down on the surface of the water permits drowning people to leverage their bodies so they can lift their mouths out of the water to breathe. Throughout the Instinctive Drowning Response, drowning people cannot voluntarily control their arm movements. Physiologically, drowning people who are struggling on the surface of the water cannot stop drowning and perform voluntary movements such as waving for help, moving toward a rescuer, or reaching out for a piece of rescue equipment. From beginning to end of the Instinctive Drowning Response people’s bodies remain upright in the water, with no evidence of a supporting kick. Unless rescued by a trained lifeguard, these drowning people can only struggle on the surface of the water from 20 to 60 seconds before submersion occurs.” This doesn’t mean that a person that is yelling for help and thrashing isn’t in real trouble—they are experiencing aquatic distress. Not always present before the Instinctive Drowning Response, aquatic distress doesn’t last long—but unlike true drowning, these victims can still assist in their own rescue. They can grab lifelines, throw rings, etc. Look for these other signs of drowning when persons are in the water: Head low in the water, mouth at water level Head tilted back with mouth open Eyes glassy and empty, unable to focus Eyes closed Hair over forehead or eyes Not using legs—vertical Hyperventilating or gasping Trying to swim in a particular direction but not making headway Trying to roll over on the back Appear to be climbing an invisible ladder So if a crew member falls overboard and everything looks OK—don’t be too sure. Sometimes the most common indication that someone is drowning is that they don’t look like they’re drowning. They may just look like they are treading water and looking up at the deck. One way to be sure? Ask them, “Are you all right?” If they can answer at all—they probably are. If they return a blank stare, you may have less than 30 seconds to get to them. And parents—children playing in the water make noise. When they get quiet, you get to them and find out why. Source/article: [x] Follow Ultrafacts for more facts! BOOST FOR THE SUMMER. PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE. Can I just say thank you to OP for putting such a detailed description on this? I’ve been a lifeguard for 6 years now and of all the saves I’ve done, maybe two or three had people drowning in the stereotypical thrashing style. And even those, like the save I made last weekend, it was exactly like OP describes where the person’s head is going in and out of the water but it isn’t long enough to get any air. Mostly you recognize drowning by the look on someone’s face. If someone looks wide eyed and terrified or confused, chances are they’re drowning. That look of “oh shit” is pretty easily recognizable. And even if you can’t tell for sure: GO AFTER THEM ANYWAY. I’ve done “saves” where a kid was pretending to drown and I mistook it for real drowning, but that’s preferable to a kid ACTUALLY drowning. Also please remember that even strong swimmers can drown if they have a medical emergency, get cramps, or get too tired. If your friend knows how to swim but they’re acting funny get them to land. And even if someone can respond when you ask them if they need help, if they say they do need help? GO HELP THEM. However . If the victim is a stranger, I can’t recommend trying to get them. Lifeguards literally train to escape “attacks,” because people who are drowning can freak the fuck out and grab you and make YOU drown as well. If you do go in after someone, take hold of them from the back and talk to them the whole time. IF YOU ARE GRABBED: duck down into the water as low as you can get. The person is panicking and won’t want to go under water and should release you. Shove up at their hands and push them away from you as you duck under. Don’t die trying to save someone else. Please guys, read and memorize this post. Not all places have lifeguards. Being able to recognize drowning is such an important skill to have and you can save someone’s life.
Bodies , Children, and Climbing: Drowning in real life looks nothing like in the
 movies, and in fact many parents actually
 watch their children drown, having no idea
 that it's happening
 Ultrafacts.tumblr.com
faikitty:
mermaibee:

ultrafacts:

According to the CDC, in 10 percent of those drownings, the adult will actually watch the child do it, having no idea it is happening. Drowning does not look like drowning—Dr. Pia, in an article in the Coast Guard’s On Scene magazine, described the Instinctive Drowning Response like this:
“Except in rare circumstances, drowning people are physiologically unable to call out for help. The respiratory system was designed for breathing. Speech is the secondary or overlaid function. Breathing must be fulfilled before speech occurs.
Drowning people’s mouths alternately sink below and reappear above the surface of the water. The mouths of drowning people are not above the surface of the water long enough for them to exhale, inhale, and call out for help. When the drowning people’s mouths are above the surface, they exhale and inhale quickly as their mouths start to sink below the surface of the water.
Drowning people cannot wave for help. Nature instinctively forces them to extend their arms laterally and press down on the water’s surface. Pressing down on the surface of the water permits drowning people to leverage their bodies so they can lift their mouths out of the water to breathe.
Throughout the Instinctive Drowning Response, drowning people cannot voluntarily control their arm movements. Physiologically, drowning people who are struggling on the surface of the water cannot stop drowning and perform voluntary movements such as waving for help, moving toward a rescuer, or reaching out for a piece of rescue equipment.
From beginning to end of the Instinctive Drowning Response people’s bodies remain upright in the water, with no evidence of a supporting kick. Unless rescued by a trained lifeguard, these drowning people can only struggle on the surface of the water from 20 to 60 seconds before submersion occurs.”
This doesn’t mean that a person that is yelling for help and thrashing isn’t in real trouble—they are experiencing aquatic distress. Not always present before the Instinctive Drowning Response, aquatic distress doesn’t last long—but unlike true drowning, these victims can still assist in their own rescue. They can grab lifelines, throw rings, etc.
Look for these other signs of drowning when persons are in the water:
Head low in the water, mouth at water level
Head tilted back with mouth open
Eyes glassy and empty, unable to focus
Eyes closed
Hair over forehead or eyes
Not using legs—vertical
Hyperventilating or gasping
Trying to swim in a particular direction but not making headway
Trying to roll over on the back
Appear to be climbing an invisible ladder
So if a crew member falls overboard and everything looks OK—don’t be too sure. Sometimes the most common indication that someone is drowning is that they don’t look like they’re drowning. They may just look like they are treading water and looking up at the deck. One way to be sure? Ask them, “Are you all right?” If they can answer at all—they probably are. If they return a blank stare, you may have less than 30 seconds to get to them. And parents—children playing in the water make noise. When they get quiet, you get to them and find out why.
Source/article: [x] 
Follow Ultrafacts for more facts!


BOOST FOR THE SUMMER. PLEASE PLEASE PLEASE.

Can I just say thank you to OP for putting such a detailed description on this?
I’ve been a lifeguard for 6 years now and of all the saves I’ve done, maybe two or three had people drowning in the stereotypical thrashing style. And even those, like the save I made last weekend, it was exactly like OP describes where the person’s head is going in and out of the water but it isn’t long enough to get any air. Mostly you recognize drowning by the look on someone’s face. If someone looks wide eyed and terrified or confused, chances are they’re drowning. That look of “oh shit” is pretty easily recognizable. And even if you can’t tell for sure: GO AFTER THEM ANYWAY. I’ve done “saves” where a kid was pretending to drown and I mistook it for real drowning, but that’s preferable to a kid ACTUALLY drowning.
Also please remember that even strong swimmers can drown if they have a medical emergency, get cramps, or get too tired. If your friend knows how to swim but they’re acting funny get them to land. And even if someone can respond when you ask them if they need help, if they say they do need help? GO HELP THEM.

However . If the victim is a stranger, I can’t recommend trying to get  them. Lifeguards literally train to escape “attacks,” because people who are drowning can freak the fuck out and grab you and make YOU drown as well. If you do go in after someone, take hold of them from the back and talk to them the whole time. IF YOU ARE GRABBED: duck down into the water as low as you can get. The person is panicking and won’t want to go under water and should release you. Shove up at their hands and push them away from you as you duck under. Don’t die trying to save someone else.
Please guys, read and memorize this post. Not all places have lifeguards. Being able to recognize drowning is such an important skill to have and you can save someone’s life.

faikitty: mermaibee: ultrafacts: According to the CDC, in 10 percent of those drownings, the adult will actually watch the child do it, ha...